Pending Cipher for the Open Present

A series of ten billboards from El Paso, Texas to Deming, New Mexico along interstate 10.

This project is a part of Los Angeles Nomadic Division's Manifest Destiny Billboard Project, a series of billboards and activations that unfolded along interstate 10 from Jacksonville, Florida to Los Angeles, California through spring 2015.

The billboards were constructed by culling materials from two faux-historical sites: the Los Lunas Decalogue Stone near Los Lunas, NM, and Cecil B. DeMille’s film set The Ten Commandments that is buried in Guadalupe, CA. The two locations bookend the chapter of the project and are two versions of the same site. The ten billboards depict text from the Decalogue Stone, believed by many as an attempt at writing the Ten Commandments in a fabricated language derived from Cypriot Greek and a form of paleo Hebrew. The stone was purportedly found by archaeologist Frank Hibben who was known to fabricate archaeological evidence to support his theory that another unknown civilization made pre-Columbian contact with North America. It has since been a highly contested site within the epigraphic and local archaeological communities since it is situated within a Native American site with petroglyphs on adjacent rock faces. When a carbon dating test was to be performed on the rock face where the inscription was written, local proponents of Hibben pressure washed and scrubbed the surface so no test could be performed which has led to the ongoing debate about it's authenticity, and led to even more projection into its provenance with dozens of epigraphers attempting to perpetuate their own narratives. After working with an epigrapher the text was loosely translated so different phrasings and words could be lifted and appropriated for re-writing The Ten Commandments on the ten billboards throughout the state.

The site of Cecil B Demille's demolished film set used for the filming of the 1923 version of The Ten Commandments is a part of an ongoing project Excavation II, and stands as a ruin of a screen memory, a historical site removed from it's original, and a site on the very edge of where the geographic expansion west, and the fantasy associated with it, met it's own metaphoric end. The film was shot in Guadalupe, CA due to it being a perfect geographic anomaly of rolling sand dunes that lead to the Pacific Ocean, and an ideal site for filming Moses' parting of the Red Sea. The images used on the billboards were taken at the site of where DeMille had the famous film set loaded with dynamite, blown up, and buried after the filming wrapped.

Taken together, the billboards address the complicated and layered notions of history, a modern day source appearing authentic yet in actuality far removed of it's original intent. The text connotes the ancient past and distant future, by both literally and figuratively excavating and conflating false narratives, while the debate as to its provenance is still pending definitive evidence of the inscription as being authentic or forged.



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